17th-6th C. BCE BIBLICAL TIMES
(BCE - Before the Common Era)
c.17th century: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob - patriarchs of the Jewish people and bearers of a belief in one God - settle in the Land of Israel.
Famine forces Israelites to migrate to Egypt.
c.13th century: Exodus from Egypt
Moses leads Israelites from Egypt, followed by 40 years of wandering in the desert.
Torah, including the Ten Commandments, received at Mount Sinai.
13th-12th centuries: Israelites settle in the Land of Israel
c.1020 Jewish monarchy established Saul, first king.
c.1000 Jerusalem made capital of David's kingdom.
c.960 First Temple, the national and spiritual center of the Jewish people, built in Jerusalem by King Solomon.
c. 930 Divided kingdom: Judah and Israel
722-720Israel crushed by Assyrians; 10 tribes exiled (Ten Lost Tribes).
586 Judah conquered by Babylonia. The city of Jerusalem and First Temple was destroyed; most Jews were exiled.
Persian and Hellenistic Periods
538-515 Many Jews return from Babylonia. The temple was rebuilt.
332Land conquered by Alexander the Great; Hellenistic rule.
166-160 Maccabean (Hasmonean) revolt against restrictions on practice of Judaism and desecration of the Temple
142-129Jewish autonomy under Hasmoneans.
129-63Jewish independence under Hasmonean monarchy.
63Jerusalem captured by Roman general, Pompey.
63 BCE-313 CE
63-4 BCE: Herod, Roman vassal king, rules the Land of Israel.
Temple in Jerusalem refurbished
(CE - The Common Era)
c. 20-33 Ministry of Jesus of Nazareth
66 Jewish revolt against the Romans
70 Destruction of Jerusalem and Second Temple.
73Last stand of Jews at Masada.1
32-135 Bar Kokhba uprising against Rome.
c. 210 Codification of Jewish oral law (Mishna) completed.
313-636 Byzantine rule
c. 390 Commentary on the Mishna (Jerusalem Talmud) completed.
614 Persian invasion
636-1099 Arab rule
691 On site of First and Second Temples in Jerusalem, Dome of the Rock built by Caliph Abd el-Malik.
(Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem)
1291-1516 Mamluk rule
1517-1917 Ottoman rule
1564 Code of Jewish law (Shulhan Arukh) published.
1860 First neighborhood built outside walls of Jerusalem's Old City.
1882-1903 First Aliyah (large-scale immigration), mainly from Russia.
1897 First Zionist Congress convened by Theodor Herzl in Basel, Switzerland; Zionist Organization founded.
1904-14 Second Aliyah mainly from Russia and Poland.
1909 First Kibbutz, Degania, and first modern all-Jewish city, Tel Aviv, founded.
1917 400 years of Ottoman rule ended by British conquest.
British Foreign Minister Balfour pledges support for establishment of a "Jewish national home in Palestine"
1918-48 British rule
1919-23 Third Aliyah, mainly from Russia.
1920 Histadrut (General Federation of Labor) and Haganah (Jewish defense organization) founded.
Vaad Leumi (National Council) set up by Jewish community (Yishuv) to conduct its affairs.
1921 First moshav (cooperative village), Nahalal, founded.
1922 Britain granted Mandate for Palestine (Land of Israel) by League of Nations.
Transjordan set up on three-fourths of the area, leaving one fourth for the Jewish national home. Jewish Agency representing Jewish community vis-a-vis Mandate authorities set up.
1924 Technion, first institute of technology, founded in Haifa.
1924-32 Fourth Aliyah, mainly from Poland.
1925 Hebrew University of Jerusalem opened on Mount Scopus.
1929 Hebron Jews massacred by Arab terrorists.
1931 Etzel, Jewish underground organization, founded.
1933-39 Fifth Aliyah, mainly from Germany.
1936-39 Anti-Jewish riots instigated by Arab terrorists.
1939 Jewish immigration severely limited by British White Paper.
1939-45 World War II. Holocaust in Europe results in the massacre of millions of Jewish people.
.1941 Lehi underground movement formed. Palmach, strike force of Haganah, set up.
1944 Jewish Brigade formed as part of British forces.
1947 UN proposes the establishment of Arab & Jewish states in the Land.
1948 End of British Mandate (14 May)
State of Israel proclaimed (14 May).
Israel invaded by five Arab states (15 May).
Israel Defense Forces (IDF) established.
War of Independence (May 1948-July 1949).
1949 Armistice agreements signed with Egypt, Syria, Jordan & Lebanon.
Jerusalem divided under Israeli and Jordanian rule.
First Knesset (parliament) elected.
Israel admitted to United Nations as 59th member.
1948-52 Mass immigration from Europe and Arab countries.
1956 Sinai Campaign
1962 Adolf Eichmann tried and executed in Israel for his part in the Holocaust.
1964 National Water Carrier completed, bringing water from Lake Kinneret in the north to the semi-arid south.
1967 Six-Day War. Jerusalem was reunited.
1968-70 Egypt's War of Attrition against Israel.
1973 Yom Kippur War.
1975 Israel becomes an associate member of the European Common Market.
1977 Likud forms government after Knesset elections, end of 30 years of Labor rule.
Visit of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Jerusalem.
1978 Camp David Accords include framework for comprehensive peace in the Middle East and proposal for Palestinian self government.1
1979 Israel & Egypt peace treaty signed.
Prime Minister Menachem Begin and President Anwar Sadat awarded Nobel Peace Prize.
1981 Israel Air Force destroys Iraqi nuclear reactor just before it is to become operative.
1982 Israel's three-stage withdrawal from Sinai Peninsula completed.
1984 A National unity government (Likud and Labor) was formed after elections.
Operation Moses, extensive immigration of Jews from Ethiopia by the Israeli government.
1985 Free Trade Agreement signed with the United States.
1987 Widespread violence (Intifada) starts in Israeli-administered areas.
1988 Likud government wins elections.
1989 Four-point peace initiative proposed by Israel.
Start of mass immigration of Jews from former Soviet Union.
1991 Israel attacked by Iraqi Scud missiles during Gulf war.
Middle East Peace Conference convened in Madrid.
Operation Solomon, the airlifting of Jews from Ethiopia on a huge scale with the coordination of the Israeli government , the military and ELAL.
1992 Diplomatic relations established with China and India.
New government headed by Yitzhak Rabin of Labor Party.
1993 Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements for the Palestinians signed by Israel and PLO, as representative of the Palestinian people (Oslo Accords).
1994 Implementation of Palestinian self-government in Gaza Strip and the area of Jericho.
The Israel-Jordan peace treaty was signed. Present were Rabin, Peres.
Arafat awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Yes you read correctly, Arafat awarded Nobel Peace Prize.
1995 Broadened Palestinian self government implemented in West Bank and Gaza Strip. Palestinian Council elected.
Prime minister Rabin assasinated
at peace rally.
Shimon Peres becomes prime minister.
1996 Fundamentalist Arab terrorism against Israel escalates.
Trade representation offices set up in Oman and Qatar.
Likud forms government after Knesset elections.
Binyamin Netanyahu elected prime minister.
Omani trade representation office opened in Tel Aviv.
Israel celebrates its 50th anniversary.
1999 Ehud Barak (left-wing One Israel party) won elections and became Prime minister, forms coalition government.
2000 Pope Paul II visits Israel.
Israel withdraws from the security zone in Southern Lebanon.
Israel is admitted to UN Western European and Others Group.
Renewed violence (second Intifada)
Prime Minister Ehud Barak resigns.
2001 Mr Ariel Sharon of the (Likud) party wins elections and becomes elected Prime Minister. He forms broad-based unity government.
The Sharm-el-Sheikh Fact-Finding Committee report was issued.
Palestinian-Israeli Security Implementation Work Plan proposed.
Rehavam Ze'evi, a former general and Minister of Tourism, assassinated by Palestinian terrorists.
2002 Israel launches Operation Defensive Shield in response to massive unprovoked Palestinian terrorist attacks in Israel.
Israel begins building the anti-terror fence to stop West Bank terrorists from killing Israeli citizens.
Prime Minister Ariel Sharon disperses the Knesset, calling for new elections to be held on 28 January 2003.
2003 Right of centre coalition government formed by Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.
Israel accepts the "Roadmap" to peace
2005 Israel carries out the Disengagement plan, ending Israel's presence in the Gaza Strip. It removes all settlers and hands back control to Gaza, leaving large levels of infrastructure to assist in their own fate development and success. (The Palestinians have since destroyed everything that had been left).
2006 After Ariel Sharon suffers a stroke, Ehud Olmet becomes Prime Minister.
On 28 March following national elections, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert forms a new government led by the Kadima Party.
Israel carried out military operations against Palestinian terrorists in Gaza after the kidnapping of an Israeli soldier.
The second war in Lebanon starts, during this time Israel carried out military operations against Hezbollah terrorism from southern Lebanon.
This was a result of constant missile attacks and the kidnapping of two Israeli soldiers.
2007 Shimon Peres was elected President by the Knesset.
Israel declares that Gaza is a hostile territory following the violent takeover of the strip by "Terror Group" Hammas.
2008 Israel celebrates 60 years anniversary.
Following a barrage of over 10,000 rockets that were fired into Israel as well as mortars fired from the area, in response Israel launched Operation Cast Lead.
2009 Mr Benyamin Netanyahu was elected Prime Minister in national elections. He subsequently went on to form qa broad based coalition government.
Tel Aviv celebrates 100 year anniversary.
2010 Israel joins the OECD
2013 Benjamin Netanyahu confirms that he will not destroy any further settlement homes during his second term in office.
Shimon Peres celebrates 90 years, guests in attendance included: Bill Clinton, Barbra Streisand and Benjamin Netanyahu.
2014 Ariel Sharon suffers renal failure and passes shortly after followed by a state funeral.
Following a string of terror attacks including murder of civilians and the kidnapping of three teenage boys Israel launches Operation Protective Edge.
2015 Benjamin Netanyahu is re-elected Prime Minister of Israel.
Palestinian terrorists start a new form of terror by random stabbings and drive by car ramming.
2017 Palestinian terror attacks continue in Israel.
President of the United States of America Donald Trump visits the Western Wall during his first international state visit since his election win.
2018 The United States declares official recognition of Jerusalem as the rightful capital of Israel.
Israel wins the 2018 Eurovision Song Contest with Netta Barzilai and the song "Toy".
Palestinian rioters commence ongoing violence at the border with Israel. Under threat and force by Hammas, civilians are forced to storm the border fence. Hammas operatives vow to rip the hearts out of Jews as they try to tear down the fences with knives, machetes and other objects